Children and Diabetes

The American Diabetes Association reports that nearly 1 child in every 400-500 develops diabetes, a diagnosis that can be frightening and overwhelming to both parents and children. Often, children with diabetes are diagnosed with type 1, which used to be referred to as juvenile diabetes or insulin dependent diabetes. In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas does not produce the insulin necessary for survival. Insulin must be administered every day through either and insulin pump or injections.

Children can also be diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, which is becoming more common among children and teenagers whereas it used to be diagnosed primarily among older adults. In type 2 diabetes, either the body does not make enough insulin or the insulin produced by the body does not work as it should. Treatment for children with type 2 diabetes involves diet and exercise as well as insulin and/or diabetes pills.

It is important to note that with good medical care and support from adults, children with both kinds of diabetes can lead healthy, active, fun-filled lives, according to the American Diabetes Association.